You know the feeling of going through boxes of tissues until your nose is crusty? Or the awkwardness of showering your friends with fits of unexpected sneezing?!
The fluid from a runny nose is actually excess drainage produced by nasal tissues and blood vessels. Oh, and did you know that the color of this fluid depends oSneezingn its composition? In some cases, it’s completely transparent, while in others, it will have a green or yellow color. Did you look at your hand the last time you sneezed? 😉
Cup cells are responsible for these nasal discharges. They line the airways and the nose. They’re also found in other parts of the body where epithelial tissue exists, like the digestive system and reproductive system.
Discharge from a runny nose consists of ninety-five percent water. This is the reason why it’s important to stay hydrated when you have a cold. In respiratory infections, sniffles are a common occurrence, usually as part of a whole complex of allergy or cold symptoms.
What are the Causes of a Runny Nose and Sneezing?
- Allergic factors – Runny nose and sneezing often appear during nose allergies. Allergens that cause a runny nose mainly cause respiratory allergies. Such allergens include animal fur, pollen, chemical vapors, and dust. (Learn more on nose allergies and what causes them here)
- Chemical factors – Exposure to chemicals in the workplace, like cigarette smoke, detergent vapors and more
- Use of recreational drugs through the nose
- Penetration of a foreign body into the nose
- Uncontrolled use of nasal drops or nasal sprays
- In rare cases, an irritation in the sinuses or nasal mucosa causes mucus secretion
- Various noninfectious inflammatory diseases such as Wagner syndrome
How to Treat a Runny Nose and Constant Sneezing
Treatment of runny noses and sneezing varies according to the severity:
- Steroid sprays treat inflammatory symptoms associated with a runny nose.
- Nasal sprays containing antihistamines are used to treat allergy attacks.
Of course, if it is an allergic reaction, it’s important to diagnose the allergen that’s causing sensitivity. The patient has to avoid exposure to it as well.
Check here to know what products are best for your sneezing and runny nose.