Lower Abdominal Pain? Possible Causes and What to do

Stomach-Abdominal-PainYou suddenly stop in your tracks when you feel it… A sudden pain low in your abdomen, and you just have to wonder what’s causing it. Lower abdominal pain is a common ailment. People ask me all the time what meds to take. But I can’t just recommend any medication without knowing what’s causing the pain.

Pain in your lower abdomen can be due to many possible causes. Fortunately, you can easily distinguish the cause depending on the other signs and symptoms you’re feeling.

Causes and Medications for Lower Abdominal Pain:


Diarrhea or loose stools can occur if you accidentally ate contaminated or spoiled food. It’s usually caused by a virus or bacteria, which irritates the gut. This causes stools to become thin and watery. Oftentimes, the frequent bowel movement is a way for your body to eliminate the infecting organism.

Aside from frequent loose stools, other symptoms of diarrhea include stomach cramps, cramping in your lower abdomen, bloating in your tummy, nausea, and vomiting. One of the best over-the-counter medicines for diarrhea is bismuth subsalicylate. It helps treat diarrhea, as well as relieves other abdominal pains like heartburn, indigestion, and nausea.

For more information, check out our post on diarrhea. You can also head on over to our diarrhea section to see available products that suit your profile and preferences.


If you’ve been having a hard time moving your bowels, you can also experience lower abdominal pain. Constipation is described as having less than three bowel movements in a week. Aside from lower abdominal pain, you may also experience straining and passing hard lumpy stools. You may also feel as if you can’t completely evacuate your stool. If you have this condition, there are over-the-counter medicines you can take, like bisacodyl, calcium polycarbophil, and docusate sodium.

You can check out my post on constipation for more information. Go on over to our cConstipation section as well to see what products fit your profile and preferences.

Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)

Urinary infections may also cause lower abdominal pain. Other symptoms can include high fever, urinary pain, foul-smelling urine and a burning sensation as you pee. Some also experience pain around the lower back. This type of disease might infect your kidneys if left untreated.

You’ll have to visit your doctor to get the diagnosis for a UTI. You’ll be given antibiotics that you have to take for about a week. In addition to your antibiotic, you can also get relief from urinary pain with over-the-counter medications like phenazopyridine.

Get to know more about urinary tract infections in my previous post. You can also check products and compare prices in our Urinary Pain section.

Infections in the intestines or colon

Another cause for lower abdominal pain could be an infection in certain lower abdominal organs. Inflammation due to appendicitis, colitis, and diverticulitis may be possible causes. These conditions cause distention of a particular organ in your lower gut, resulting in pain. Aside from that, blood supply shortage to an organ may also cause your stomach pain. A physician can help determine if these conditions are present. If lower abdominal pain persists for a few days, it’s best to see your doctor.

If you’re still uncertain of the cause of lower abdominal pain, and it persists for days, it may be time to visit your doctor. He may ask you to undergo some tests to find out the exact cause.