Ugh, I totally get it. Nose bleeding can be frightening and uncomfortable. But trust me, try to stay calm as this is usually a symptom that passes on its own and can often be treated at home.
Bleeding from the nose is classified according to where it occurs in the nasal cavity – frontal bleeding or bleeding in the back portion. Prolonged, severe, or frequent bleeding requires medical attention and treatment.
The lining of the nose and the lower layers contain many tiny blood vessels that enrich the local oxygen supply. Bleeding usually occurs when the nasal mucosa is compromised. This allows the blood vessels to remain exposed to the external environment. Damage to the blood vessels creates bleeding. Your nose helps you breathe, smell, and taste, so it’s important to keep it safe.
More than 90 percent of cases occur in the anterior region of the nasal cavity. On the other hand, back bleeding involves a higher health risk and may affect the airways.
How Can you Stop a Nose bleeding?
It’s possible to control bleeding from the nose by pressing an ice block to the bleeding area. Certain nasal sprays can help as well. You can use products like Afrin and other brands before applying pressure to help stop a nosebleed.
Most nosebleeds should stop after few minutes of direct pressure. When the bleeding stops, put a thin layer of a saline or water-based nasal gel, or an antiseptic nasal cream inside your nose. Oxymetazoline is a drug that stimulates the adrenergic alpha receptors and causes blood vessels to contract to stop bleeding.
Do not use an oxymetazoline solution if you are allergic to any ingredient in it, or if you are taking furazolidone or a monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitor (e.g, phenelzine).
Do not blow your nose or put anything else inside your nose for a few hours after the bleeding has stopped.
Medical treatment is required when nasal bleeding occurs frequently. This may also depend on the severity of the bleeding.