You may be surprised, but each one of us has hemorrhoids. These are actually inflamed blood vessels found in the last part of the colon (lower rectum) and anus. These blood vessels help us control bowel movement and know how to separate solid, liquid and gases. The problem begins when these blood vessels stretch and expand. Get to know more about their causes in my previous post entitled “Hemorrhoids – What Are They And Why Do I Have Them?“.
These symptoms cause inflammation, a thrombosis or rupture – resulting in great suffering. Only those who experience hemorrhoids or a crack in the anus will experience a soft, easy exit…
First, if you already have hemorrhoids, find the best medicine to use to overcome this pain. Check out solutions for hemorrhoid pain.
How can I prevent hemorrhoids?
Avoid Long Visits to the Bathroom
It’s unbelievable, but the habit of turning bathroom visits into lengthy episodes contributes to hemorrhoids. This means no to social networking updates, reading sessions or a chance to catch up on your favorite TV show when you’re in there.
Do not sit for more than 5 minutes in the bathroom. Make sure to use your visit only to relieve yourself (and not as a chance to escape from your children or your partner! :))
Check your Cleaning Habits
Lack of cleanliness in the rectum, as well as excess cleaning, should be avoided. Hard toilet paper or strong soaps may promote infection and hemorrhoids. If you already suffer from hemorrhoids, it’s best not to clean the area with paper but to wash it with running water and mild soap.
Get Off Your Chair
Modern office work involves prolonged sitting. This in itself creates pressure on the lower pelvic region and encourages the development of hemorrhoids. This is especially the case in pregnant women, overweight people, or those who frequently have constipation. If this is the way you work, be sure to get out of your chair every hour and walk around for 5 minutes to promote rectal blood flow.
Avoid Beverages with Caffeine or Alcohol
A lifestyle based on coffee, alcohol and cola causes dehydration. As a result, the stool becomes more difficult to release. This causes constipation which leads to hemorrhoids. Try to drink at least 2 liters of water spread throughout the day. Take caffeinated beverages in moderation, too!
Increase your Exercise
Lack of physical activity produces stagnation in the anal blood vessels and weakens the walls of the veins. Physical activity should include both aerobic exercise and muscle stretching. Muscle suspensions relax the veins below the muscles and strengthen their walls.
Do Power Activities Properly
Physical exertion without exhalation, such as during various strength activities, produces effort in the vasculature of the rectum. The blood vessels may expand and can contribute to hemorrhoids. Be sure to exhale frequently during power activities.
What should I do to minimize the pain?
First, even if they are diagnosed, the recommendation is not to treat hemorrhoids with surgery. This is especially if the patient can tolerate the pain. Most physicians will recommend changes in lifestyle and diet, or relief medications.
Conservative treatment of hemorrhoids usually begins with changes in the patient’s diet. This mainly involves adding fiber in the form of fresh vegetables and fruits. Nutritional supplements like psyllium can also help. These measures can help solve the problem in patients with hemorrhoids in the early stages. Other lifestyle changes can combine a healthy diet with gentle exercise, short visits to the bathroom, hot baths and plenty of fluids. Reducing stress and reducing coffee consumption can also help.
Drugs and ointments for treating hemorrhoids are not uncommon. These include natural creams made from various herbal substances and those that include anesthetics, corticosteroids, and disinfectants. All these can reduce friction of the stool with the rectal walls. They also reduce swelling of the hemorrhoids themselves. It’s important not to use some of the creams for the long-term. Those that contain steroids, for example, can damage the skin. Flavonoids, such as those found in various dietary supplements, can reduce inflammation and improve vascular function. The evidence for their efficacy is low, however, and other effects should always be considered.
In addition to changes in diet, hemorrhoids can be made smaller by the use of rubber bands – an acceptable treatment that we will immediately expand on. Certain substances, when injected, can also cause thrombosis of the hemorrhoids, leading to their removal. Such treatments are only effective in some cases and may not always be successful.